Electric Vehicles are getting popularity nowadays, and everybody is keen to know about the “Future of Electric Vehicles in India”.
But before that, it is necessary to know why do we require Electric vehicles instead of combustion engine vehicles?
The old combustion vehicles emit a large number of hazardous gases. Which makes it difficult to control the level of pollution. In the list of most polluted countries in 2019(PM2.5), India is in the 5th position.
India has 21 cities in the top 30 list of most polluted cities in the world. This is one of the biggest health issues for us. And the main reason behind the air pollution is factory and internal combustion engine vehicles.
And the reason behind this is that India is focusing on next-gen mobility. And Electric Vehicle is one of the main perspectives of the future of the automobile industry in India.
As an alternate Electric Vehicles are the suitable option for the adoption on the place of combustion engine vehicles.
So, let us see that:
What is Electric Vehicle?
EVs first came into existence in the mid-19th century. When electricity was among the preferred methods for motor vehicle propulsion, providing a level of comfort and ease of operation that could not be achieved by the gasoline cars of the time.
An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. An electric vehicle may be powered through a collector system by electricity from off-vehicle sources or may be self-contained with a battery, solar panels or an electric generator to convert fuel to electricity.
Types of Electric Vehicles
There are three types of electric vehicles in India.
- Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV).
- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV).
- Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV).
These vehicles are different from each other, as they utilize electricity in different forms.
There are many automobile companies working on the electric vehicle project. Some of them are Hyundai, TATA, MG, Mahindra. There are many electric cars are going to be launched in the year 2020 and 2021.
Advantages of Electric vehicles over Combustion Vehicles
Cost-effective: As of now the current price of petrol in Delhi is around 70 Rs. per liter. Because of the high price of petrol, people are looking for some other means which can work at a lower cost. So for an alternative Electric Vehicles are coming as the best alternative for today’s scenario. The cost of an electric vehicle is lower than internal combustion engine vehicles.
Less Emission of Hazardous Gases: Electric cars emit less amount of hazardous gases as compared to Combustion Engines. Air pollution has become a public health concern all over the world. Combustion vehicles emit large amounts of hazardous gases. Which are harmful to both nature as well as human. Many hazardous substances get to mix up with air particles and make air quality unhealthy. It affects our environment as well as harmful to our health.
Also Read: [Top 5 Benefits of Electric Vehicles.]
EVs are Cheaper to Maintain: Electric cars are reasonable to maintain as compared to combustion engine cars. As there is less moving part as compared to combustion vehicles. There are very few moving parts and no expensive engine parts like oil filter, air filter, oil, fuel injection systems, and radiators. So the maintenance cost is very less as compared to combustion vehicles.
Reduce Noise Pollution: Electric Vehicles do not emit noise, they are most probably silent as compared to the combustion engines. Electric cars are quieter. This makes electric vehicles different from combustion engine vehicles.
Energy Independent: If you own an electric vehicle you can easily become energy independent for your EV. As you can charge your electric vehicle through solar panels. You can install solar panels at your residence and can charge your car. You can become energy independent for your electric vehicle. When you install a solar energy system on your home, you can use it to power your home and charge your electric car for emissions-free transportation.
Switch to electric cars; How long will it take?
If we see the gain in the popularity of electric vehicles is growing at a rapid speed. This indicates that combustion engine vehicles are not going to dominate the automobile sector for long. Electric Vehicles are going to be the best alternate for combustion vehicles.
Also, many organizations and new startups are working on the advancement of electric vehicles.
So, it is very clear that within 5-8 years India is going to adopt electric vehicles. The main reason which makes EV adoption late is the charging infrastructure in India.
The number of charging stations in India is not present in a sufficient amount. People who like electric vehicles retreat when they come to know that the charging station is very small in number. This makes a kind of hesitation for EV buyers to make a purchase of EV. Although, the government is working on the charging infrastructure. According to FAME2, the government will install 2636 charging stations.